THE PREPARATORY PHASE:
THE PRIMARY INTEREST IN THE FOLLOWING CHAPTERS IS DIrected to the emergence of the adult, the fruition of a life with spiritual content. But such a life, of course, has its roots in the essentially psychological and only rudimentarily spiritual years of infancy and childhood. Hence we must be prepared to find that at least a selective study of the moral life in childhood is necessary to set the stage for the following studies in what is, in a fuller sense, the life of the spirit. The aspect of child psychology and morality which is of special interest here is that of blame.
Blame-morality is, of course, found in both the normal adult as well as in the child. But it is intrinsic to the morality of childhood. To do "right" and be praised, to do "wrong" and be blamed: these set the context of the child's moral world. And, generally speaking, the child as well as the adult who deals with him finds this a congenial framework. But when it comes to the adult acting in relation to other adults, the attitude toward blame-morality in both East and West seems ambiguous. Certainly, in the West it is easy for us to sense that there is a strong pull toward the view that