FIFTY YEARS AFTER
THE year 1967 marks the fiftieth anniversary of the insurrection which gave power to the Communists in Russia. It is also the centenary of the publication in Hamburg of the first volume of Marx's Das Kapital.
In the Soviet Union, devoted to the principles of Marxism‐ Leninism, Lenin has long loomed bigger than Marx, and in China both Marx and Lenin have been eclipsed by Mao Tse‐ tung. Marx must still nevertheless be reckoned the founder of modern Communism, and it may be of interest to consider how he would see the world if he could revisit it in 1967. He would certainly be pleased to find that fourteen sovereign states had come to call themselves Communist and accepted him as a prophet. For one who had so little success in his lifetime this would be highly gratifying and would be firm evidence that he had been on the right track in his interpretation of the movement of history. There would certainly, however, be some things that he would find puzzling or disappointing. He would, first of all, be surprised to observe that, although the countries converted to his faith now numbered fourteen, several of them appeared to be in quite primitive stages of economic development, while the nations which he knew best and from which he had hoped the most—France, England and Germany—had rejected the Communist gospel, except for the eastern part of Germany, where, he would be informed —if he had an impartial source of information—that it had been imposed, not by an uprising of the German proletariat, but by an invading Russian army. He would discover also that