Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture

By John S. Bowman | Go to book overview

China
SCIENCE-TECHNOLOGY, ECONOMICS, AND EVERYDAY LIFE

PREHISTORIC AND LEGENDARY CHINA: 1,960,000–2200 B.C.

500,000–250,000B.C.: It had long been widely claimed that the hominids who inhabit the caves at Zhoukoudian make and control fire in hearths, but in 1998 scientists announce that there is no evidence of a fire in the cave.

12,000–6000B.C.: Neolithic people of China live in villages, farm, use polished stone tools, and make pottery.

5,000–3,000B.C.: Chinese sites from as early as 5000 B.C. yield some of the oldest known evidence for keeping nonruminant animals such as pigs and chickens. By 4500 B.C. the oldest known evidence in East Asia for keeping ruminants is the bones of small and possibly domesticated cattle found in northern China.

4000–3000B.C.: By the end of this period, copper is being used at some sites in China.

2698–2599B.C.: According to tradition, the Yellow Emperor himself takes an interest in mathematics and astronomy and he is the patron of important texts in these fields of study.

2500B.C.: The earliest known evidence of bronze in East Asia is found in northern China.

2357–2258B.C.: According to tradition, during the reign of Emperor Yao important astronomical observations are made.

2255–2208B.C.: According to Han tradition, the Emperor Shun's chief minister, Yu, tames the flood after nine devastating years with a series of permanent flood control measures: canals are dug, river channels are dredged, reservoirs are created.


THE THREE DYNASTIES (XIA, SHANG, ZHOU): 2208–249 B.C.

1500B.C.: The Chinese are making silk about this time, the first people in the world known to do so. About this time, too, the Chinese are the first in East Asia known to use horsedrawn vehicles.

c. 1200B.C.: War chariots come into use in

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Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture *
  • Contents v
  • Consultants and Contributors vii
  • Introduction ix
  • Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture *
  • Part One - East Asia 1
  • China - Political History 3
  • China - Arts, Culture, Thought, and Religion 79
  • China - Science-Technology, Economics, and Everyday Life 99
  • Japan - Political History 118
  • Japan - Arts, Culture, Thought, and Religion 162
  • Japan - Science-Technology, Economics, and Everyday Life 179
  • Korea 193
  • Taiwan 225
  • Hong Kong 236
  • Macau (Macao) 244
  • Part Two - South Asia 250
  • India - Political History 251
  • India - Arts, Culture, Thought, and Religion 325
  • India - Science-Technology, Economics, and Everyday Life 355
  • Pakistan 370
  • Bangladesh 379
  • Bhutan 384
  • Maldives 389
  • Nepal 393
  • Sri Lanka (Ceylon) 400
  • Part Three - Southeast Asia 408
  • Brunei 409
  • Cambodia 415
  • Indonesia 436
  • Laos 452
  • Malaysia 465
  • Myanmar (Burma) 476
  • The Philippines 488
  • Singapore 501
  • Thailand 506
  • Vietnam 521
  • Part Four - Central Asia 545
  • Mongolia 547
  • Central Asian Republics 566
  • Tibet 577
  • Appendix 1 - National/Independence Days 583
  • Appendix 2 - Scientific-Technological Achievements in Asia 590
  • Appendix 3 - Asian History: a Chronological Overview 603
  • Index 679
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