Like the discovery of gold in California, silver in Nevada, and many other rich mineral deposits, Drake's well ignited a rush into western Pennsylvania that soon transformed petroleum production into a mining operation and quickly gave the area in and around Titusville all the characteristics associated with a mining boom. But it took more than the feverish activity of a mining community to establish the foundations of a full-fledged petroleum industry. There were many who questioned the permanence of the new source of raw materials for illuminants and lubricants. Their reactions were reflected in a failure to match a growing production of crude in the fields with adequate transport, marketing, and refining facilities that for the better part of two years kept the future of petroleum hanging in the balance.
Even before these doubts about the future of petroleum were resolved