Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture

By John S. Bowman | Go to book overview

Malaysia

PREHISTORIC MALAYSIA: 75,000 B.C.–A.D. 200

During what geologists call the Pleistocene epoch (approximately 1,800,000–8000 B.C.), Malaysia and its offshore islands are joined by a continental shelf (known as the Sunda Shelf) to the Indochinese peninsula and the islands of Indonesia. During these hundreds of thousands of years, as the earth's sea level alternately rises and lowers, Malaysia's coastal lands are intermittently covered or exposed. Although hominids of the Homo erectus species apparently made their way across the Sunda Shelf to the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra, no fossils of this early species are known in Malaysia. (There have been a few finds of stone tools at Koto Tampan in peninsular Malaysia that some scholars date to as far back as 73,000 B.C., but most date this site closer to 30,000 B.C.) It is not until about 38,000 B.C. that the first hominid remains appear in Malaysia, and by then they are of the species Homo sapiens. Although the origins of these first Malaysians are uncertain, they are almost certainly Australoids (AustraloMelanesians), ancestors of the several mixed-Mongoloid peoples who live to this day throughout Southeast Asia and the Pacific. In Malaysia these people are known as the orang asli (indigenous people); to anthropologists the most populous group are known as the Negritos (formerly called the Semang); they are generally characterized by their dark coloring, small stature, and tightly curled hair. By about 6000 B.C. the sea level has essentially receded for the last time, leaving the land forms of Malaysia and most of the rest of Southeast Asia much as they are to this day. Starting about 2000–1500 B.C. a major change begins to occur with the arrival of two groups of Mongoloid peoples in the Malay Peninsula. The first group are most likely from southern China and/or Thailand; they will remain largely in the interior as agriculturists. The second group are from islands to the east and north (possibly Borneo and the Philippines); linguistically these new Malaysians are considered Austronesians, relatives of the people who, starting about 3000 B.C., moved out from Taiwan to settle throughout much of the Philippines, Indonesia, New Zealand, many of the Pacific islands, and Madagascar. As various Mongoloid peoples make their way into Malaysia, becoming more numerous and possibly more active, the Australoids are in general being isolated or pushed to the interior of the region; gradually, however, there

-465-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture *
  • Contents v
  • Consultants and Contributors vii
  • Introduction ix
  • Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture *
  • Part One - East Asia 1
  • China - Political History 3
  • China - Arts, Culture, Thought, and Religion 79
  • China - Science-Technology, Economics, and Everyday Life 99
  • Japan - Political History 118
  • Japan - Arts, Culture, Thought, and Religion 162
  • Japan - Science-Technology, Economics, and Everyday Life 179
  • Korea 193
  • Taiwan 225
  • Hong Kong 236
  • Macau (Macao) 244
  • Part Two - South Asia 250
  • India - Political History 251
  • India - Arts, Culture, Thought, and Religion 325
  • India - Science-Technology, Economics, and Everyday Life 355
  • Pakistan 370
  • Bangladesh 379
  • Bhutan 384
  • Maldives 389
  • Nepal 393
  • Sri Lanka (Ceylon) 400
  • Part Three - Southeast Asia 408
  • Brunei 409
  • Cambodia 415
  • Indonesia 436
  • Laos 452
  • Malaysia 465
  • Myanmar (Burma) 476
  • The Philippines 488
  • Singapore 501
  • Thailand 506
  • Vietnam 521
  • Part Four - Central Asia 545
  • Mongolia 547
  • Central Asian Republics 566
  • Tibet 577
  • Appendix 1 - National/Independence Days 583
  • Appendix 2 - Scientific-Technological Achievements in Asia 590
  • Appendix 3 - Asian History: a Chronological Overview 603
  • Index 679
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 751

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

    Already a member? Log in now.