The editors wish to thank those who gave permission for their work to be reprinted: Esther Newton and Teresa de Lauretis, the Crossing Press for Jane Rule's essay, Duke University Press for Judith Halberstam's essay, SUNY Press for Kim Emery's essay, and Columbia University Press for allowing the editors to revise their essays previously published. Our use of the sketch of Radclyffe Hall by Kathleen Shackleton as part of the cover design is courtesy of the National Portrait Gallery, London. We are grateful to Catherine E. Taylor who worked tremendously hard in scanning and word-processing the materials in parts 1 and 2, and to Marie Henry who helped with the index. We would also like to thank Susan Heath for her copyediting skills and Marlene Mussell for her assistance in proofreading. Finally, thanks to Nancy K. Miller and Carolyn Heilbrun as editors of this series. Their criticism has been foundational to the perspectives offered here.
The excerpt by Jane Rule originally appeared in Lesbian Images (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1975). Esther Newton's article, first published in Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 9,no. 4 (Summer 1984), was revised and republished in Martin Duberman, Martha Vicinus, and George Chauncey, eds., Hidden from History: Reclaiming the Gay and Lesbian Past (New York: New American Library, 1989), pp. 281–293. Teresa de Lauretis's