psychologist" or "Negro artist" reveal the double standard implicit in the criticism of the work of Negroes by whites.
The achievements of Negroes in scholarship and the arts are most likely to be overvalued when they conform to what whites think Negroes should study, write, or paint. These warped estimates of the work of Negroes form a part of the folklore of race relations which has grown out of segregation. The road to distinction and to more concrete rewards in the segregated Negro world is not as rough as whites who invest the Negro with pathos think it is.
The segregated Negro community, which is essentially a pathological phenomenon in American life, has given certain Negroes a vested interest in segregation--involving more than dollars-and- cents considerations. As the walls of segregation "come tumbling down," the Negro will lose all these petty advantages. If this results in the social and psychological deflation of some, it will nevertheless cause Negroes generally to acquire a saner conception of themselves and of their role in American society. Through the same process, white people will come to regard Negroes as human beings like themselves and to make a more realistic appraisal of their personalities and of their work.
The Governor's Interracial Commission of Minnesota
[ Some of the minority groups in the United States have been able to lead a very isolated life and have thereby been able to retain a great deal of their original culture. The relegation of the Indian to the reservation in order to keep him from using the better land owned by the whites has also had the effect of maintaining an ancient Indian culture pattern. Still, in one degree or another, Indians have been influenced by white civilization. Not all the identifiable Indians live and work on the reservations. Even those that do have their residences and occupations on the reservations maintain a contact with the white culture through their frequent visits to town. The following pages describe