At the same time the racial-cultural barriers cutting Chinese young people off from a full membership in American society operate to throw them back upon their own people. These barriers revive and nourish pride in their own culture. The Chinese never felt that their culture was inferior and the prejudice of the Occidental tends to preserve their solidarity. The divergence between youth and parents or youth and the heads of family associations might be much greater and have more lasting effects, if it were not for this consciousness of being members of a small racial minority.
United States *
Yaroslav 1. Chyz and Read Lewis
[In order to retain expression of their historic cultural values, and in order to protest against their minority status in the United States, nationality groups have organized voluntary associations that function to satisfy these particular needs. The reader of the following selection can discern to what a significant extent the formally organized social structure of the United States consists of the products of nationality groups.]
Each nationality group which has migrated to the United States has developed a wide variety of organizations to meet the fundamental human needs common to all mankind. His churches and religious organizations enable the newcomer to worship God according to his traditional faith and to enjoy the ritual and the hymns in which he has been reared. Newspapers and periodicals bring him news and needed information in his mother tongue. Fraternal benefit societies provide insurance in case of sickness or death. Singing and educational societies express his artistic and cultural interests. Clubs and lodges reflect his social needs. Political and relief organizations evidence his interest in and concern for his native land.____________________