Introduction to Part Five
T HE SELECTIONS in this part of the book reflect a
wide range of thinking about how minority problems in the United
States might be diminished. Some of the programs advocated are
thought of as broad philosophies of social change; others are
thought of as minor steps toward changing a large section of our
culture. A number of the techniques, especially legal remedies,
have already been utilized and have proven their worth.Not since the end of the Civil War has there been such a great
opportunity to eliminate one of America's major social problems.
Both as the result of conscious effort and as the result of social
changes occurring independently of minority problems, there is
now taking place a rapid diminution of discrimination and prejudice in this country. It is difficult to perceive even rapid change
when we are in the midst of it, but those who measure these
things assure us that the change is occurring with increasing acceleration. If the problem is to be solved, however, it might well
be solved quickly and with a minimum of pain to all concerned.
Many of the techniques to be considered on the following pages
may be said to have this aim.Before offering the specific proposals of the social scientists,
publicists, and organizers, we may translate the theories of prejudice considered in the preceding part of the book into practical
terms indicating how they might be used in a program for the
elimination of prejudice and discrimination against minorities.
|1. ||One step would be an intellectual appreciation by prejudiced
people that prejudice harms them, financially and psychologically.
They must recognize that part of the gains that seem to come from
discrimination are temporary and illusory. These gains--which
Dollard has classified as economic, political, sexual, and prestige
--sometimes divert the prejudiced person from more satisfactory|