The 1968 nomination battle between Nixon and Reagan indicated how far the Republican Party had shifted to the right. From the quarrelsome, tiny band of true believers who had attempted to nominate Goldwater in 1960, conservatives had expanded and organized a movement that drafted a presidential candidate in 1964 and played the decisive role in choosing the nominee in 1968. The untutored conservatives of the early 1960s applied the lessons learned from the bitterly fought Goldwater nomination and the election battles of 1964. Emerging scarred but invigorated, the right wing worked to consolidate its new prominence in the Republican Party and to reeducate voters by moderating its tactics without surrendering the principles of conservatism. Consequently, when the actions of the liberal Johnson administration, antiwar and other political protesters, and the Black Power movement alienated many Americans, conservatives already had a political apparatus in place to take advantage of voters' discontent. They used their growing organizational strength and public appeal to decide the nomination in 1968 after the politically astute Nixon ran on a conservative platform.