Retribution and ruthless police methods were applied by the Nazis from the beginning of the occupation?1. The first Czech reactions were expressed by a series of spontaneous mass manifestations on the occasion of various religious and national commemorations in the spring and summer of 1939, by many demonstrations of public anger and revolt, and by the appearance of a multitude of underground resistance groups.
The German repressive response did not immediately assume a mass character. With the outbreak of war, 8,000 Czech public figures were arrested as political hostages around Sept. 1, 1939.2. Czech resistance assumed sharper forms. Following the instructions of the underground movement, Prague became the center of anti-German demonstrations on the anniversary of Independence Day (October 28). Czech masses marched through the inner city singing the national anthem and shouting slogans. Groups of Germans began to____________________