9. Quoting Sources

Quoting the exact words of a source is a powerful way to support your thesis with other voices that are distinctive and eloquent.

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9.1  When and why to quote

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When and why to quote

When and why to quote

Learn when using a direct quotation is a good method of incorporating source material into your paper.

Example

Recognize appropriate versus inappropriate uses of quotation

Use quotations when you need to present the exact words of another writer or source, but take care to avoid using quotations to speak for you.

9.2  Introducing quotations with signal phrases

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Introducing quotations with signal phrases

Introducing quotations with signal phrases

Transitioning between your own ideas and another writer’s ideas can be tricky, so it is important in a research paper to let your readers know which ideas are yours and which are not.

Example

Use signal phrases to integrate quotations

Different disciplines have varying guidelines, but it is always a good idea to provide readers with introductory words that provide context for your use of a quotation.

9.3  Embedding quotations in your sentences

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Embedding quotations in your sentences

Embedding quotations in your sentences

To help readers understand why you have used a particular quotation, you’ll need to carefully weave them into your research paper.

Example

Use ellipses [. . .] and brackets to signal changes

Sometimes to integrate quotations smoothly into your work, you will need to omit words, condense material, or add needed words to a passage. Always use punctuation to alert readers to any changes from the original source.

9.4  Block quotations

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Block quotations

Block quotations

Some quotes are so long that you will need to set them out in a blocked format to be easily read.

Example

Know how to incorporate long and short quotations

When incorporating long quoted passages into your work, follow your discipline’s guidelines for setting them off from the rest of your text.

9.5  Citing quotations

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Citing quotations

Citing quotations

Since you have quoted lines and research that is not yours, it’s always important to fully cite and credit your original source.

Example

Quotations require citation

Include citation information for any quotation you include in your research project.

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